Fifth Grade Curriculum

Fifth grade is an ideal time to try out new adventures!  With all of the amazing technology and resources we have at TRA, there are endless possibilities for learning experiences.  Students are challenged to do their very best every day.  We will work hard, but we will certainly have fun also! They will participate in many activities such as room transformations, project based learning, and build their confidence through various presentations. Fifth grade is a year of growth, maturity, and independence to get prepared for middle school.  At TRA, fifth grade students have opportunities to lead chapel, to participate in honor choir, and to be involved in team sports such as basketball and volleyball.  Truly, this year is a growing experience for each young person!

Language Arts


Understand and apply rules for the following aspects of grammar:

  • Capitalization
  • Punctuation (commas, apostrophes, colons, semicolons, underlining, quotes, hyphens)
  • Parts of Speech (nouns, verbs, prepositions, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, conjunctions, interjections
  • Subject-Verb Agreement
  • Clauses in Simple, Compound, and Complex Sentences
  • Diagramming of Simple and Compound Sentences


  • Apply the traits of research-based informational and opinion writing.          
  • Apply the traits of narrative writing.                
  • Analyze sentence structure and edit writing for correct grammar usage.                   
  • Explore online research tools for taking notes.
  • Understand the impact of word choice in all types of writing.


  • Fairytales, Folktales, Biographies, Autobiographies, Poetry
  • Context Clues
  • Sequencing
  • Author’s Point of View
  • Author’s Purpose
  • Main Idea and Key Details
  • Theme
  • Adages and Proverbs
  • Figurative Language:
    • Simile
    • Metaphor
    • Personification
    • Alliteration
    • Onomatopoeia
    • Idioms
  • Text Structures:
    • Problem and Solution
    • Compare and Contrast
    • Cause and Effect
    • Sequence
    • Description
  • Homographs
  • Greek and Latin Roots, Suffixes, and Prefixes
  • Understand the concepts of place value, powers of ten, numerical expressions, order of operations, properties, and forms of numbers.
  • Carry out calculations with multi-digit whole numbers, decimals, and fractions.
  • Process/solve word problems involving all operations.
  • Show understanding of simple algebraic patterns/relationships.
  • Estimate using rounding, benchmarks, and/or compatible numbers.
  • Find missing terms and pattern rules for decimal and fractional sequences.
  • Illustrate data with various graphs and line plots.
  • Explore geometric properties and relationships of lines, angles, polygons, and circles.
  • Use formulas to calculate area, perimeter, and volume.
  • Convert units of length, capacity, and weight in both customary and metric systems.
  • Build speed and accuracy of basic facts with timed tests.
  • Gather and critically examine information from a variety of primary and secondary sources. 
  • Develop historical awareness by recognizing how past events and issues influenced people of that time.
  • Develop geographic awareness by determining relationships among people and resources based on geographic location
  • Explore Tennessee’s place in history in the U.S. and the world.

   Life Science

  • Identify the parts of cells and describe the function of each.
  • Differentiate asexual and sexual reproduction.
  • Analyze the various land and water biomes and the interactions within/among each.
  • Construct models of the systems of the human body.

   Earth Science

  • Understand the concept of plate tectonics and its relationship to earthquakes and volcanoes.
  • Explore earth’s natural resources and ways to conserve each one.
  • Discover the role of the sun and atmosphere in weather, storms, and climate change.
  • Distinguish planets, moons, and stars and their relationships within the universe.

   Physical Science

  • Investigate and observe Newton’s laws of motion, as well as friction and action/ reaction forces.
  • Explain and model each kind of simple machine.
  • Identify the various kinds and forms of energy.
  • Differentiate chemical and physical properties/changes.